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Commits, reverts etc

Revert committed changes to a single file

$ git checkout <revision number to revert to> <file path>
$ git commit

Revert merge commit

git revert -m 1 [sha_of_merge_commit]

Correct commit message that hasn’t been pushed yet

git commit --amend
# Ref:

# Amend author info associated with commit
git commit --amend --reset-author

Rewrite history after pushing to remote

git rebase -i HEAD~n
git push --force


Force pull from remote

git fetch --all
git reset --hard origin/master
git pull origin master

Git pull allowing unrelated histories

git pull --allow-unrelated-histories

Signing commits

Check git knows about your GPG signing key

git config --global user.signingkey

Configure project to sign all commits

git config commit.gpgsign true

Configure git user to match that associated with GPG key

git config


Delete remote branch

$ git push origin --delete <branch-name>

Rename local and remote branch

git branch -m old_branch_name new_branch_name
git push origin :old_branch_name
git push --set-upstream origin new_branch_name

Default branch name config

# Needs git version >=2.28
git config --global init.defaultBranch main


Create tag

git tag v1.7.1

Push tag to remote

git push origin v2.44.0

Delete remote tag

git push --delete origin v1.7.1

Delete local tag

git tag --delete v1.7.1


Update fork from origin

$ git remote add upstream <remote-repo-url>
$ git fetch upstream
$ git checkout master
$ git pull
$ git merge upstream/master

Force update fork from upstream

git reset --hard upstream/master
git push --force

Git submodules

Init and update submodules

$ git submodule init
$ git submodule update